In a report released by Eurostat, it was found that, in 2018, the EU refused more non-EU citizens entry than in the previous year. It also found that the number of people staying illegally had decreased, and fewer were being deported.
Overall, an estimated 471,000 non-EU citizens were refused entry in 2018. In 2017, there were 439,500, which shows a 7% increase in refusals.
In addition to this, 478,000 people were deported in 2018, which is a fall of 7% from 2017, which saw 516,000 non-EU citizens issued orders to leave the European Union.
Of all EU countries, France reported the highest number of deportations, followed by Spain, Greece, and Germany. In relative terms, however, Spain had the highest number, followed by Poland and the United Kingdom.
Furthermore, the estimated number of non-EU citizens staying in the region illegally was down by 3% last year. In 2017, there were around 618,000 illegal migrants; in 2018 this figure had dropped to 601,500.
It was also noted in the report that, since 2015, the number has fallen dramatically. At the height of the migrant crisis, there were over 2 million non-EU citizens living illegally in the bloc, which is the highest that’s ever been reported.
During the migrant crisis in 2015, Germany took over 1 million legal migrants. Germany has registered the highest number of asylum seekers, who now make up around 1% of its total population.
In this study, it’s shown that Germany also has the highest number of illegal migrants. In 2018, it had 134,000 – this is the highest in Europe, followed by France, Greece, and Spain. In fact, around 68% of all illegal migrants in the EU are in these four countries.
However, a UN report released earlier in the year shows that, despite there being high numbers of migrants still coming to Europe, the numbers are starting to decline. The number of people dying in the Mediterranean has also started to slow, and there was a decrease of 25% last year.
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